葉問宗師的詠春絕技 - 詠春拳的「控制」和腿法 How good was Ip Man’s Kung Fu?– “Controlling” and Kicking in Wing Chun
葉問宗師的詠春絕技 - 詠春拳的「控制」和腿法
雖然，詠春拳同門對宗師葉問的故事總是感到有趣的。不過，本文的宗旨是利用這些故事來凸顯詠春的控制技和腿法，因為許多人有認為詠春拳是只有「打」的武術。一些同門選擇只專注並非常擅長於詠春拳「打」的一面。說真的那也不錯。但對於那些熟悉傳統中華武術應該知道絕大多數武術都包括四個元素：踢、打、摔、拿。詠春也不例外。個人認為「摔」和「拿」都可是控制技的一部分。雖然大多數人談到詠春即想到令人眼花繚亂「打」的速度，當我還在林文學(Gary Lam)師父門下學習時，他常鼓勵我們花更多的時間在我們的腿法以成為一個更強和更全面的詠春拳習練者。師父林文學也不希望我們的詠春停止在「打」上就感到滿足，他經常鼓勵我們「升級」(“upgrade”)我們的功夫和在控制技能上多下功夫。要控制一個全力抵抗的對手實在是不容易做到;尤其是當我們完全不打他。就我而言，如果一個人能做到「控制」，他將有更多的選擇。一來並非在所有情況下，我們可以單靠「打」 來解決。例如，保安人員或面對一個喝醉酒鬧事的朋友。此外，當你「控制」 住對手時你可以選擇收手;如果他同意停止他的攻擊行為。或者，你可以選擇重傷他，因為他已經是完全無法抵抗任由你擺布了。在我們林文學(Gary Lam)詠春系統的第二級(Level 2)課程，我們非常注重控制技和腿法的訓練。
1. 黃淳樑師公自述的來源為《Qi》雜誌。作者是Daniel Poon。文章的標題是《Wong Sifu – A Passion for Wing Chun》。
梁君不太順服；在大家客氣了一番之後，便比試起來。 梁君的龍形摩橋講求吞吐，若對手一拳打來，他便會把對方的拳頭一吞，拉入自己的身體範圍之內，然後又隨即一吐，把對手推走。 梁君準備在問公身上施展這種吞吐功夫；他把問公的手一接一吞，隨即準備一吐；可是，在他一吞之時，問公便順勢以膀手一撞，很輕鬆的便把他推到很遠很遠之外。此役之後， 梁君便聯同他的結拜兄弟四處宣揚問公的功夫了得，更親身拜師學習詠春拳術」。原文的連結。http://ihome.ust.hk/~su_wcsoc/ipman_c.html
How good was Ip Man’s Kung Fu? – “Controlling” and Kicking in Wing Chun
The popularity of Wing Chun in the recent years has to give credits to those movies that depicted Ip Man . As we all know movies want to entertain the audience, so they often used the creativity license to show the movie characters' Kung Fu. But, how good was Ip Man's Kung Fu in real life and how was it like in real combats?
Grandmaster Ip Man had many students throughout his life, yet very few of them actually had the opportunity to see how he fought. Two of his
Hong Kong era students not just had the opportunity to
witness how he fought, they got to "experience" it themselves. Maybe we could get a sense of Grandmaster Ip’s
Wing Chun in real fights through how he defeated these two students. Both of these two students had prior martial
art experiences and both wanted to test Ip Man’s Kung Fu. They became Ip Man’s students after they were
defeated by They
were Leung Shueng and Wong Shun Leung.
In the movie “Ip Man Ip Man. 2”
had a scene of Wong challenged In “The Grandmaster” and “Ip Man – Final
Fight” had scenes of Leung Shueng challenged Ip
Man. Movie is movie; the fight scenes are more
elaborated and exaggerated. Then, what
really happened? How Grandmaster Ip Man
defeated his two future students? Ip Man.
One can find different versions of the story on the internet, here I use his own account. Wong Shun Leung recalled his fight with his Sifu: “When I first joined, I sparred with his two students and beat them even before Ip Man had taught me anything. But then Ip Man fought with me, and I felt the way that Ip Man beat me was so smooth, and was convincing that I wanted to learn from him. Ip Man controlled me without hitting me at all. He stopped my punches and I recognized that I had been bettered.” As a matter of fact that several of Ip Man's students have said that when they did Chi Sao with their Sifu he never strike them but controlled them.
Comparing to Wong’s fight, Leung Shueng’s fight with Grandmaster Ip Man was more a bit of mystery, since there weren’t a lot of information on the fight, except Grandmaster Ip Man beat him. I was able to find an article written by one of Leung Shueng’s students. Following is an excerpt (I took the liberty of translating it from Chinese to English.) from that article: “When Ip Man first moved to Hong Kong due to the unrest in
he stayed in an old temple. Don’t know
how the words got spread out that he had learned Wing Chun. At that time, Wing Chun Kung Fu was little
known in China Hong Kong. There was a big guy who was a real martial
art nut. Due to his curiosity, he went
to the temple wanting to experience Wing Chun.
He told Ip Man his purpose of visiting him. Ip Man was a man with slight stature
comparing to this big guy, so this person didn’t think much of Ip Man nor his
Wing Chun. He thought he could throw Ip
Man out of the temple in no time. So,
this big guy just rushed toward Suddenly, he screamed and fell down to the
floor. His right shin bone was almost
broken into half by Ip Man’s kick. This
person wholeheartedly admitted his own defeat and became Ip Man’s first
disciple in Ip
Man. Hong Kong. His name is Leung Sheung.” Another story about Grandmaster Ip Man’s
kicking skill is one day there was a pickpocket trying to steal from
Grandmaster Ip. Grandmaster Ip also used
one kick to send him flying.
Although, the stories of Grandmaster Ip Man are always interesting for those who practice Wing Chun to hear. However, the main focus of this article is to use these stories to highlight the controlling and kicking skills of Wing Chun, since many people consider Wing Chun is a striking/hitting art only. Some Wing Chun people choose to focus on just “striking” aspect of the art and are very good at it. That’s all fine and dandy. But, for those who are familiar with the traditional Chinese martial art should know most arts compose of four elements: 1. Striking, 2. kicking, 3. Throwing and 4. Joint-locking/Chin Na; to me “Throwing” and “Chin Na” are parts of the Controlling skill. Wing Chun is no exception and has all four elements. Although most people associate Wing Chun with blinding-speed hand strikes, my Sifu Gary Lam encourages us to spend more time working on our kicks to become a more formidable and complete Wing Chun practitioner. Controlling against a fully resisting opponent is really not easy to do; especially when we don't hit him at all. Sifu doesn't want us to stop at hitting and satisfied, he often encourages us to "upgrade" our Kung Fu and work hard on the controlling skill. Personally, if one can do "control", I think one will have more options. Not in all situations we could rely on just "hitting." For example, the policeman or against a drunken friend. In addition, you can choose to stop hurting your opponent and let him go if he agree to stop his aggression. Or, you can choose to put a lot of hurts on him since he is completely at your mercy and can't resist any more. In our Gary Lam Wing Chun system, we put strong emphasis on training Controlling and Kicking in our Level 2 curriculum.
1. Wong Shun Leung’s interview can from “Qi” magazine. The author is Daniel Poon and the title of the article is “Wong Sifu – A Passion for Wing Chun.”
2. Leung Sheung’s story came from an article written by one of his student. Link to the article in Chinese.
3. After searching some more on the internet, I found another version of Leung Sheung vs Ip Man story. In this version, Grandmaster Ip relied more on his “controlling” skill to defeat Leung Sheung. The story described Leung Sheung as an expert in Dragon Style Kung Fu. In this style, they use “swallow” and “spit.” For the example, when the opponent punches he would “swallow” the punch (pulling his opponent in), then he would “spit” (push) out the opponent. Leung Sheung intended to use these techniques on Grandmaster Ip
However, when Leung “swallowed” Grandmaster
borrowed his force and used Bong Sao to fly him out afar. Link to the original article. http://ihome.ust.hk/~su_wcsoc/ipman_c.html Man.