如何檢視你的詠春拳? II - 準度 How to examine your own Wing Chun? Part II - Precision
終極格鬥大賽(UFC)羽量级冠軍McGregor擊倒Aldo的一拳。UFC Champion McGregor’s knockout punch. (網路照片。Photo was taken from internet.)
如何檢視你的詠春拳? II - 準度
大約4、5年前，我寫了「如何檢視你的的詠春拳？」這篇文章，文章中我列出了四個要點 - 原理 (Principle)，姿勢 (Posture)，位置 (Position)和勁道 (Power)（4P’s），以幫助人們評估其在詠春拳的進展。其實，我當時我有第五要點後來被我刪除，因為當時我的大部分學生剛開始做自由黐手不是很長時間，我認為這些四個要點就足夠。現在我認為可以提出第五要點，那就是 - 準度 (Precision)。
防禦的準度：接下來我們可以檢視的就是我們的防禦能力。詠春拳是一門攻擊性強大的武術，還有許多詠春拳練習者認為「最好的防守就是進攻。」雖然我也同意在自衛情況下，在法律上允許範圍，我們必須強硬地反擊以制止壞人對我們的傷害。我認為防禦招數的訓練和攻擊招數是同樣重要。所以我經常提醒學生 - 「沒有防守; 就沒有進攻」。如果詠春的確是以小搏大的一門武術，那麼我們就更不能輕易和比我們又高又壯的對手換拳。如同一些拳擊手喜歡說：「打人而不要被打」(“Hit and don’t get hit.”)為了實現這一目標，我們需要有良好的防守能力。當我們剛開始做自由黐手時，這幾乎是不可避免的，我們總是被打到;尤其是當你的對手是師兄或師姐時。然而透過不斷的練習，我們被打到次數是否有減少的趨勢？或者，我們的防守手法如膀手的成功率是否有增加了嗎？使用手法和腳法去接或消對手的拳腳攻擊不是防守的唯一方法，良好的步法是另一個重要的工具。李小龍曾寫說「優良的步法可以擊敗任何拳打腳踢 … 當你的步法越純熟，你就越不必須使用你的手臂來封住或格擋對手拳腳。」(“Good footwork will beat any kick or punch …The more skillful you are with your footwork, the less you have to use your arms to block or parry kicks and punches.”)。
勁道的準度：這一項涉及到第4 P個- 勁道。具體來說，我們是否可以準確得控制我們的勁道。如果有一個人的勁道很大，但他無法控制得很好，那麼他勁道的效用將打大折扣。我們能準確將我們的力道傳送對手的身體嗎？例如，我們可以使用帶有穿透性的短勁貫進對手的身體裡。或者，我們可以使用長勁將對手發出去。此外，當我們練習黐手和過手，我們通常不戴拳套也沒有戴護具，所以我們需要學會保護我們的訓練夥伴。如果我們對勁道的準度還沒有能夠掌握得很完美，至少我們要學會適時放掉力量做到點到為止。如果一個人經常不小心地打傷他或她的訓練夥伴，那麼遲早沒有人會願意與他或她進行練習。當一個人可以做勁道收發自如也是功夫更上一層的證明。
後記：在終極格鬥大賽(UFC)194，Conor McGregor擊敗Jose Aldo成為新的羽量級冠軍。Aldo輸給McGregor之前，Aldo保持了10年不敗的記錄。McGregor覺得當Aldo準備出他的重拳時明顯得身體繃緊起來握緊拳頭，因此Aldo他的重拳隱密性不高。賽前McGregor已經計劃躲閃開Aldo的右手重拳和用反擊拳打Aldo的下巴。比賽開始沒過多久，McGregor看準了時機13秒鐘內照原計劃擊倒對手。這場比賽也成為在UFC歷史上最短的冠軍之爭。McGregor認為許多人過分強調力道。McGregor說戴4盎司綜合格鬥(MMA) 拳套並不需要多大的力量去擊倒對手。在賽後訪問McGregor總結說道「準度勝過力道，時機贏過速度。」(“Precision beats power. Timing beats speed.”) 在詠春拳我們也有句話 - 「豆腐頭、玻璃身」。大多數人脆弱的身體是不能忍受要害遭受精準擊打的，無論是戴4盎司MMA拳套或赤手空拳。
How to examine your own Wing Chun?-Part II
About 4 or 5 years ago that I wrote “How to examine your own Wing Chun?” in which I listed four elements – Principles, Posture, Position and Power (the 4P’s) to assist people to evaluate their progress in Wing Chun. Actually, I removed one element from the list, since majority of my students just started doing free Chi Sao and I thought those four elements would be sufficient for them to work with. Now, I think it would be a good time to bring back the fifth element – Precision.
There are several aspects of precision that I think worth considering:
-Precision of Attack: When we just started to do free Chi Sao or even Gor Sao/sparring, it seems like we would be happy if we could hit our partner. But where we hit seems not that important. Actually, the more precise we are with our attack, the more efficient our attack becomes. To improve one’s skill level, the accuracy of strikes and kicks can’t be emphasized enough. Wing Chun advocates attacking the center line, since many human being’s vulnerable areas lie on this line, such as nose and chin. How accurately that we can land our strikes on the intended target on the center line? How accurately and quickly can we perform Chin Na at proper joints make our opponent difficult to escape? How accurately can we send our opponent flying to place that we want with our Po Pai or “Pulling”? As for Wing Chun weapons, Six and a Half Pole Baat Jaam Do/Eight Chopping Knife, besides being proficient in performing the form, we need to spend a lot time working with the pole dummy and knife dummy to examine and to increase our attacking precision,.
-Precision of Defense: The next thing we can examine is our ability to defend from attacks. Wing Chun is an aggressive martial art and there are many Wing Chun practitioners believe “Best defense is offense.” Although, I also agree in the self-defense situation one has to be aggressive to stop the attackers. I see training on defense techniques as important as the attacking techniques. I often tell my student – “No defense; No offense.” Also, I want them to work more on building a solid defense skill. If Wing Chun is truly an art for a small person to defeat a larger opponent, then we can’t afford to trade punches. Like some boxers like to say: “Hit and don’t get hit.” To achieve this, we need to have a good defense. When we just start to do free Chi Sao, it is almost inevitable that we get hit quiet a lot; especially when your opponent is a senior student. However, through continuous practice do we get hit less and less? Or, is the success rate of our defense techniques such as Bong Sao increased? Using hand and leg techniques to deflect or stop an incoming punch or kick isn’t the only way, good footwork is another great tool. As matter of fact, Bruce Lee wrote: “Good footwork will beat any kick or punch …The more skillful you are with your footwork, the less you have to use your arms to block or parry kicks and punches.”
-Precision of Power Released: This one is related to #4 P – Power. Specifically, on how precise that we can control our power. If one has a lot of people, yet he can’t control it very well then the power would be less effective for him. How precise can we direct our power to our opponent’s body? For example, we could use a short, impulsive power that penetrates inside opponent’s body. Or, we could use a “long energy” that send him flying. In addition, since when we practice free Chi Sao and free sparring, we usually don’t wear gloves nor protecting gears, so we need to learn to protect our training partner. If we still don’t have a good handle on the power released, then it is important that at least we learn to let go of the energy when our strike touches our partner. If one keeps hurting his or her training partners, then sooner or later no one would want to practice with him or her. Having a great ability in controlling energy released could also be a proof of higher level of Kung Fu.
Postscript: In UFC 194, Conor McGregor defeated Jose Aldo to become the featherweight champion. Before the fight, McGregor already planned to slip Aldo’s heavy yet telegraphing back hand and counter with his own back hand to Aldo’s chin. Not long after the fight began, McGregor spotted the opportunity. So, he followed his plan and knocked out his opponent in 13 seconds. This became the shortest title fight in the UFC history. Before his loss to McGregor, Aldo was undefeated for 10 years. McGregor feels many people over-emphasize on power. McGregor says with a 4-ounce MMA glove it doesn’t take much power to knock out your opponent. McGregor sums it up during after-fight interview by saying:” Precision beats power. Timing beats speed.” In Wing Chun, we also have a saying – “Glass body and tofu head.” Most human body can’t take a precise shot to the vital spots, either with 4-ounce MMA gloves or empty-hand.
Note: To read my previous article, “How to examine your own Wing Chun?”, please click on following link.